An introduction to the history of reconstruction after the civil war until about 1877 in the united

InAfrican American men in the defeated Confederacy were given the right to vote and hold office—a radical departure from pre-Civil War days, when blacks could vote only in a handful of northern states. After Johnson vetoed the bills—causing a permanent rupture in his relationship with Congress that would culminate in his impeachment in —the Civil Rights Act became the first major bill to become law over presidential veto.

These pleas for aid did not go unanswered. Take it quietly Uncle Abe and I will draw it closer than ever.

Reconstruction era

Suffrage[ edit ] Monument in honor of the Grand Army of the Republic, organized after the war Congress had to consider how to restore to full status and representation within the Union those southern states that had declared their independence from the United States and had withdrawn their representation.

The Confederacy in had towns and cities with a total population ofpeople; of these withpeople were at one point occupied by Union forces. By the end of the 19th century and well into the 20th century, the South was locked into a system of poverty. No one knows how many temporarily lost the vote, but one estimate was that it was as high as 10, to 15, out of a total white population of roughly eight million.

A "Second Reconstruction", sparked by the Civil Rights Movementled to civil rights laws in and that ended segregation and re-opened the polls to blacks.

What was the citizenship status of the leaders of the Confederacy? It was conceived as neither the reclamation of ancestral lands nor the institutional embodiment of a common ancestry, language, or culture.

Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

These Reconstruction Amendments established the rights that led to Supreme Court rulings in the midth century that struck down school segregation. It is easy to forget how decentralized the United States was inand how limited were the powers of the federal government.

The Republicans sought to prevent Southern politicians from "restoring the historic subordination of Negroes". That LMA members tended not to be the widows and orphans of men who died in the war reveals in part their political agenda.

Republican legislatures, coalitions of whites and blacks, established the first public school systems and numerous charitable institutions in the South. Nevertheless, white Democratscalling themselves " Redeemers ", regained control of the south state by state, sometimes using fraud and violence to control state elections.

Suffrage[ edit ] Monument in honor of the Grand Army of the Republic, organized after the war Congress had to consider how to restore to full status and representation within the Union those southern states that had declared their independence from the United States and had withdrawn their representation.

In the South, the Confederate experience came to be remembered as the Lost Cause, a noble struggle for local rights and individual liberty with the defense of slavery conveniently forgotten. Before the Civil War, the definition of those entitled to enjoy the "blessings of liberty" protected by the Constitution was increasingly defined by race.

In Decemberless than a year after he issued the Emancipation ProclamationPres. In time, the North abandoned its commitment to protect the rights of the former slaves, Reconstruction came to an end, and white supremacy was restored throughout the South.

Freed slaves suffered from smallpox, yellow fever, and malnutrition. Johnson also believed that such service should be rewarded with citizenship.

Reconstruction

This interpretation helped to justify the South's system of racial segregation and denying the vote to blacks, which survived into the s. Part of this program removed man of the governments of the south to replace them with ruling by the U.

Turner of Alabama, Josiah T. But President Johnson in the summer of ordered land in federal hands to be returned to its former owners. With Union victory, the status of the former slaves in the reunited nation became the focal point of the politics of postwar Reconstruction.

Congress decided to begin Reconstruction anew. Johnson broke with the Republicans after vetoing two key bills that supported the Freedmen's Bureau and provided federal civil rights to the freedmen. Arguably the most important addition to the Constitution other than the Bill of Rightsthe amendment constituted a profound change in federal-state relations.

Reconstruction era

In its aftermath, during the era of Reconstruction, Americans struggled to come to terms with these dramatic changes and, temporarily, established biracial democratic government on the ashes of slavery. Neither status offered much hope for economic mobility.

In Aprilthe joint session of Congress met, however, the border states were not interested and did not make any response to Lincoln or any Congressional emancipation proposal. Historian Harold Hyman says that in Congressmen "described the oath as the last bulwark against the return of ex-rebels to power, the barrier behind which Southern Unionists and Negroes protected themselves.

Rather than passive victims of the actions of others, African Americans were active agents in shaping Reconstruction. These rulings prevented southern legislatures from discriminating against blacks.The Civil War: Reconstruction - The Civil war could very easily be known as one of the greatest tragedies in United States history.

After the Civil War, the people of The United States had so much anger and hatred towards each other and the government that 11 Southern states seceded from the Nation and parted into two pieces.

Watch video · The Union victory in the Civil War in may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding the South during the Reconstruction period () introduced a new. Facts, information and articles about Civil War Reconstruction, the period after the Civil War Civil War Reconstruction Facts Location United States Southern States Participants President Abraham Lincoln President Andrew Johnson President Ulysses S.

Grant President Rutherford B Hayes Time Period Results Thirteenth Amendment Fourteenth Amendment Fifteenth Amendment Civil-War. Revolution, – • I. Introduction The end of the Civil War brought profound changes to the United States.

Reconstruction changed some things, but it did little regarding social equality and political turmoil. In the end, the government immediately after the Civil War.

Civil War Reconstruction

Return to History Introduction. Return to Civil War & Reconstruction Individual Items The ending of the Civil War and the beginning of Reconstruction dominated Georgia events for this year.

President Andrew Johnson granted an unconditional pardon to all involved in the Confederate cause during the Civil War. The United. The Reconstruction era was the period from to in American history.

The term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from to following the American Civil War ; the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 ex- Confederate states from toas directed by Congress.

Download
An introduction to the history of reconstruction after the civil war until about 1877 in the united
Rated 5/5 based on 95 review